Friday, February 14, 2014




  1. The information in the slides is obtained from the module of TSL3107, for the use of students of PPG TESL Sem 4 Ambilan Khas Feb 2013, IPTHO.

  2. Based on your experience in teaching advanced or weaker pupils in ESL primary classroom, explain an enrichment activity or a remedial activity that you have used to teach writing to your pupils.

    1. I recommend a very easy but fun way such as the Sing a song activity.

      Here is how to make used of the activity as an enrichment for our pupils.
      1. Paste lyrics of the related song on the board.
      ( or you may prepare a worksheet on the same matter )
      2. Sing along with the pupils.
      3. Pupils fill in the blanks with the missing words as they listen to the song.

      example ;
      You _______ my sunshine,
      My only __________________ ,
      You make _______ happy,
      When skies ______ grey,

      You _______ know dear,
      How much I _______ you,
      Please ________ take my sunshine away.........

    2. I agree with Norazlima using a simple song. The student will fun and enjoy with this activity.Other different example,teacher also can add a picture to fill in the blanks for the first time.After drill a few time,teacher will ask pupils replace the picture to fill in the blanks.
      sunshine(picture of sun)
      grey(square of grey)
      love(heart shape)

    3. Simple song , guessing words , singing along in the class is also another good example. another example is naming their favourite cartoon they like the most , it will not just attract their attention but increasing their willpower to learn more word . Teachers also must build their social skills around weak pupil . They tend to be timid so social skills can helps teachers to scan their weaknesses.

      Siti Nurashikin Bt Mansor

  3. Topic : Describe the weather!

    1. I put up pictures of different kinds of weather and brainstorms some of the words that pupils can use to describe the weather.
    2. I demonstrate how to write sentences describing the weather in the picture.
    3. I ask pupils to go into the groups that they were in yesterday.
    4. I distribute the mah-jong paper containing the word list that pupils (in their respective groups) came up with yesterday.
    5. I distributes a set of pictures to each group.
    6. I ask pupils to think collaboratively with their group members on the words that can be associated with the each of picture.
    7. The groups then construct 4 sentences to describe the weather in the picture based on the questions:
    a) What the weatheris like?
    b) What do you like to do during this weather?
    c) Do you like this weather? Why?
    8. Once the grpups are done, i get them to paste their product around the classroom.
    9. Each group take turns to look at each other's work. They give comments and edit the sentences.
    10. Pupils copy the sentences as a homework.
    11. As an enrichment activity, I distribute a word puzzle worksheet to each pupil and pupil complete them.

    Ganesan Veerappan
    PPG Tesl Sem 4

    1. Answering questions with the pupils own idea needs time for weaker pupils. So as a teacher we need to be aware of this problem. Teacher needs to divide the pupils equally to the group. If I want to use this kind of activity, I would use this remedial activity with my Phase 2 pupils. They can write neatly on the mahjong paper well. That’s why I would only use A3 paper with line during my class with Phase 1 pupils. They can write big letter, but not that neat hand-writing. I can use the mahjong paper when the pupils can write neatly (around May).

      As an enrichment activity, doing word puzzle is also one of the simple but yet can attract pupils to write and spell the answer correctly.

    2. Brainstorming activity is good for those advance learners but introducing, opening opportunity to use brainstorming and give a simple chart form to fill in. The usage of simple and clear instruction about the lesson help the pupils to carry out given group task plus the usage of questions also can contribute good ideas in constructing sentences. To make it even meaningful, teacher can set a time for all the groups to finish their task and the best sentences constructed with lots of corrections the better should be consider as a winner. All the groups should present their work.

    3. I like this kind of activity as it can test the pupils more instead of giving them something that they can do easily. Conducting this type of activity in group will make it more effective for the pupils as they can discuss with their friends. maybe by combining the better and weaker students in a group will help the weaker students. But, as always, any activity in group combining both type of students will have the positive or negative result. But as it is an enrichment activity, for me it is acceptable. Maybe the teacher will need to move around and scan for students not participating actively and try to encourage them to give ideas to their teammates. Overall, any activity that have discussion and brainstorming is a thumbs up in my opinion

  4. Year 1
    Topic : Look At Me ( Parts Of The Body )

    1) I used simple children’s songs to attract the pupils.
    2) After listening to the songs, pupils will watch a simple movie (about handicap people) for the pupils to be grateful for what they have.
    3) Then I showed picture cards for each parts of the body.
    4) Pupils name the parts by matching them with the word cards with guidance from the teacher.
    5) Emphasis each word to the pupils by using spells it aloud group by group.
    6) Divide the pupils into groups. Each group will have the A3 paper that contains a few questions.
    7) Pupils in group will work together to answer the questions. Each group will have different picture. Example :
    - This is my ( picture of leg ).
    - Every evening I play ( picture of football ) in the field.
    - I can ( picture of a boy kicking a ball ) the ball with my leg.
    - My father give me a pair ( picture of a shoes ) to play football.
    - I keep the ball in the ( picture of a box ) at the storeroom.
    8) Then pupils will have to paste the A3 paper on the board. Pupils can look at their friends group work.
    9) Each group come to the front and read their answers. Other pupils will read after them. Teacher will check their answer together in the classroom.
    10) Teacher distributes the worksheet that contains the group work. Pupils have to fill in the answer and copy it into paragraph in the exercise book.
    11) For enrichment activity, I will give the pupils word maze. Pupils have to find and colour all the answers.

    1. I agree song and movie was interesting activity to attract Year 1 student. Using song or movie not just to attract student we also can use it to gain their knowledge in memorize and understand the parts of the body. For weaker student we must be focus to one activity. From my experience, weaker student can memorize and focus to a simple activity. We can choose either song or movie to introduce the topic Parts of The Body to make student more focus. For example teacher focus on song, example head,shoulder,knees and toes and pupils will touch their own body. When the student listen to song or not student can still can memorize all the words.
      Maria binti Hj.Zainal.

  5. In my personal opinion, we should not introduce more than 3 items/vocabulary in a day lesson. For example, when we are introducing parts of body focus on 3 different parts; leg, knee and ankle. Get the pupils to feel and know their own legs by singing and touching them in a fun ways. Ideas on questions in A4 paper are applicable but to advance achievers. For the slow learners I recommend using picture stimulus related to the vocabulary of the lesson. Give more focus on the skill to be taught of the day; listening and speaking, reading, writing, language art and grammar.

  6. 1. Based of what I used to do in my classroom. For enrichment activity for better students, constructing sentences based on words give or picture stimulus will be done quite often. As example, I will show a picture to the students and provide them with a verb and a noun for them to construct a sentence.
    Mostly, I will conduct this activity as pair work or in a group of four. Then the pupils will read or write their answer in heir exercise book, on the blackboard to be discussed with their classmates or just read it to their friends and do the discussion.


    I show them a picture of a person cooking in the kitchen and I will provide the words that can be used to describe the picture such as:

    cooking-kitchen = The woman is cooking in the kitchen

    2. For Remedial activity I will do almost the same activity but the pupils will on have to match phrases or match sentence to pictures in pair or group of four.

    3. Doing both activity in pair or group will make the activity easier for the pupils and the outcome of the activity were mostly positive and myself as the teacher will not be to critical with the pupils answer because for me it is not constructing the sentences is solely important, for me the discussion and the pupils participation will give better view for the students in constructing a better sentence.

  7. I also like to share my idea fun and interesting such as sing a song " Twinkle...Twinkle Little Star " but it is in Chinese Version. This is what I got from my facilitator who is a Chinese woman When I was attend an English course a long time ago.

    Example :

    Twinkle...twinkle little star
    How I wonder what you are....yeah
    Up above the world so high.... yeah
    Like a diamond in the sky......yeah.
    Twinkle..twinkle little star
    How I wonder what you are.

    I think this song is suitable for the weakers student. It can attracts them to learn more English so would you like to try ? I also can used Indian version , Malay version etc.

  8. I`m teaching level 1 student. So,I will share an example for Year 1 activity .Year 1 pupils must be trained and familiar with this activity to prepare them in English Language Literacy.

    Topic: Bats
    Objective: Able to answer 'Wh' questions
    Resource: 3 Bats(doll),Chants,picture card

    1) I will introduce with a 3 Bats doll.
    2) Next, I will read a simple chants by showing s simple sentence.
    3) After that I will drill the chants with them and do the action.
    4) Then,ask them to answer wh-question according to the chants.
    5) Teacher will guide using a picture card.
    I see bats. Picture of
    I see three bats. three bats.
    I see three black bats.
    I see three bats flying.

    1) What do I see?
    2)How many bats are there?
    3)What colour are the bats?
    4)What are the bats doing?

    1. I agree with the activity designed by Maria for Year 1 students because "Wh" questions such as who, what, where, when and how are something all students need to learn. Children in speech therapy need to learn how to say and understand "wh" questions. Speech therapists can encourage their students with these ideas.

  9. When teaching writing,for advanced pupils,I will give them slightly difficult questions to answer for example rearranging sentences.They have to answer the questions without any hint on how to rearrange those sentences.While for weaker students,using the same questions,their they just have to rearrange the sentences with hint given by the teacher.

  10. As a remedial activity, I wil allow pupils first to draw a picture of what they are trying to summarize. Take a beloved story or book like "Cinderella" and have your students draw a picture after you read the story as a class. They can pick any scene they wish or a particular aspect of the story to draw. After a certain period of time, tell them to write about the story in their own words, using their picture for sentence ideas. Teach elementary students to include the place, time, characters and main events in their summaries and to include any other details they thought were interesting. For early elementary students, short summaries of three or four sentences are fine but expect students to write longer summaries from their pictures as they get more practice.

    Classroom Mailbox
    One of the technique if used as a enrichment activity for Year 2 pupils is,
     Set up a row of student mailboxes to encourage students to write to one another.
     Students can bring an empty, clean box from home to decorate with their name.
     Provide an assortment of envelopes or teach students how to make envelopes, using paper and tape.
     At first, require students to write a minimum number of letters a day.
     As they start receiving correspondence from their classmates, they will find it easier to write and respond.
     Encourage students to write about daily, everyday things to practice practical ESL topics.
     Students should also feel free to write the teacher, so use their correspondence as a way to teach better writing habits.
     Students should learn proper letter-writing formats and learn to proofread their letters for grammar and spelling errors.

  12. for my last class..i will do remedial activity for writing
    1. after they have completed their task which is matching to phrases by looking at the given picture (a situation), then i will ask them to write out the sentences in a paragraph accordingly

  13. Pupils are not same ability. Some are good and some are not so. I give more attentions in all activities to these weak pupils. Especially in doing exercises and activities in the classroom. These pupils are lack of self confident so they not able to participate in classroom activities. So teacher have to keep on motivate them.

    YEAR 4

    As for me, I have been teaching a good Year 4 class. They are in high level pupils. I teach a poem entitled My Dream Holiday. For the introduction I read the poem to the pupils and ask pupils to read together. Then I ask the pupils to list down the past tense word. After that, I ask the pupils to find the present tense for the past tense words.Normally they can manage to list down all the words correctly.

  15. for remedial or weak pupils, they mostly need remedial activity that will help them to improve in English espeacially in writing. usually for remedial pupils, I always use quite easy activity. It doesnt need to hard as long as it is easy for them to do and understand the topic in the activity.
    Usually for them, i like activity copy write, trace the words, write simple sentences and rearrange words or letters

  16. I am using the mind-map in the pre-writing stage so that I can get more ideas from my students. In my experience of teaching, using the mind-map is one of best way on teaching the writing. This is because, students can see the graphic and the word clues in the mind-map. So that, students can apply the information to the next stage of learning process. During the lesson, my students were very active in giving their answers about the occupation after they saw the mind-map as their example. Then , I asked them to try on drawing their mind-map in their group and I gave them a picture of different occupation. I can see that, my students can create their group mind-map creatively.